Paternity test is a very precise and useful test.
We analyse 20 markers, which gives over 500% more identification power than a routine 16 marker test, which has been an industry standard.
Order your paternity genetic test from us if you want:
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Unambiguous result – Our Paternity genetic Test tells you reliably if a man is the biological father of a child. We are able to tell you unambiguously whether the man IS (probability routinely well above 99.99%).
Male fertility in Men depends on the proper function of a complex system of organs and hormones: The process begins in the area of the brain called the hypothalamus-pituitary axis, a system of glands, hormones, and chemical messengers called neurotransmitters, all of which are critical for reproduction. The first step in fertility is the production of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in the hypothalamus, which prompts the pituitary gland to manufacture follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). FSH maintains sperm production, and LH stimulates the production of the male hormone testosterone. Both sperm and testosterone production occurs in the two testicles, or testes, which are contained in the scrotal sac (the scrotum).
Causes of Infertility in Men:
- Smoking – significantly decreases both sperm count and sperm cell motility.
- Chronic alcohol abuse.
- Anabolic steroid use – causes testicular shrinkage and infertility.
- Overly intense exercise – produces high levels of adrenal steroid hormones which cause a testosterone deficiency resulting in infertility.
- Inadequate vitamin C and Zinc in the diet.
- Tight underwear–increases scrotal temperature which results in decreased sperm production.
- Exposure to environmental hazards and toxins such as pesticides, lead, paint, radiation, radioactive substances, mercury, benzene, boron, and heavy metals.
- Malnutrition and anemia.
- Excessive stress.
- Hyperprolactinemia: Elevated Prolactin-Greater elevations of the hormones may result in reduced sperm production, reduced libido and may result in impotence.
- Hypothyroidism: Low thyroid hormone levels may cause reduction of quality of semen, poor testicular function and may disturb libido. This may be caused due to a diet high in iodine.
- Adrenal Hyperplasia: This condition occurs when the pituitary is suppressed by increased levels of adrenal androgens. Symptoms for this include low sperm count, an increased number of immature sperm cells, and low sperm cell motility.
- Hypogonadotropic Hypopituitarism: Low pituitary gland output of LH and FSH. This condition arrests sperm development and causes the progressive loss of germ cells from the testes and causes the seminiferous tubules and testosterone producing cells to deteriorate.
- Panhypopituitarism: Complete pituitary gland failure-This condition lowers growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and LH and FSH levels. Symptoms include: lethargy, impotence, decreased libido, loss of secondary sex characteristics, and normal or undersized testicles.
- Varicocele: This is an enlargement of the internal spermatic veins that drain blood from the testicle to the abdomen (back to the heart) and are present in 15% of the general male population and 40% of infertile men.
- Damaged Sperm Ducts: Seven percent of infertile men cannot transport sperm from their testicles to out of their penis.
- Torsion: It is a common problem affecting fertility that is caused by a supportive tissue abnormality which allows the tests to twist inside the scrotum and is characterized by extreme swelling.
- Infection and Disease: Mumps, TB, Brucellosis, gonorrhea, typhoid, influenza, smallpox, and syphilis can also cause testicular atrophy.
- Klinefelter’s Syndrome: Is a genetic condition in which each cell in the human body has an additional X chromosome–men with Klinefelter’s Syndrome have one Y and two X chromosomes. Physical symptoms include peanut-sized testicles and enlarged breasts.
- Retrograde Ejaculation: Is a condition in which semen is ejaculated into the bladder rather than out through the urethra because the bladder sphincter does not close during ejaculation.